Text: The following is a verbatim copy from Lancaster Co., VA.
DATE OF WILL, 14 OCT 1741, LANCASTER CO., VA.
In the name of God amen the fourteeth day of October in the year of our Lord God 1741 I HENRY NEWBY in the County of Lancaster being very sick & weak in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be to Almighty God do make & ordain this my last will & testament that is to say principally & first of all I give and recommend my soul into the hands of God that gave it me and for my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in a Christian like & decent manner and as vouching such Worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in the Life I give and devise & dispose of the same in manner and form following Inprinis I give & bequeath to MARY my dearly beloved Wife one negro man named Guy to her and her heirs forever Item I give and bequeath to my son HENRY NEWBY and to his heirs forever one negro man named Carly and if my son HENRY NEWBY should die without a lawful heir begotten of his own body that then the sd. negro man to fall to my youngest son WILLIAM NEWBY and to his heirs forever Item I give and bequeath to my son OZWALD NEWBY and to his heirs forever one negro girl named Frank - and if my son OZWALD NEWBY should die without a lawful heir begotten of his own body that then the sd. negro girle shall fall to my son HENRY NEWBY and to his heirs forever Item I give & bequeath to my son WHALEY NEWBY and to his heirs forever one negro woman named Jane and my will is that the first child that the sd. negro woman shall bring - shall fall to my Daughter SARAH NEWBY and her heirs forever My will and desire is that if my son WHALEY NEWBY should die without a lawful heir begotten of his own body that then the sd. negro woman shall fall to my son JAMES NEWBY and to his heirs forever Item I give and bequeath to my son JAMES NEWBY one shilling sterling money and no other part or parcel of my Estate Item I give and bequeath to my son WILLIAM NEWBY and to his heirs forever on negro boy named Tom and if my son WILLIAM NEWBY should die without a lawful heir begotten of his own body that then the sd. negro boy shall fall to my daughter HANNAH NEWBY and to her heirs forever Item I give and bequeath to my Daughter HANNAH NEWBY and to her heirs forever one negro boy named Peter and if my Daughter HANNAH NEWBY should die without lawful heir of her own body that then the sd. negro boy shall faill to my Daughter SARAH NEWBY and to her heirs forever Item I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife my best bed & furniture Item I give and bequeath to my son HENRY NEWBY the next best bed & furniture Item my will and desire is that all the remaining part of my Estate shall be equally divided between MY WIFE & CHILDREN that is to say HENRY NEWBY, OZWALD NEWBY, SARAH NEWBY, HANNAH NEWBY, WHALEY NEWBY and WILLIAM NEWBY Item my will& desire is that all my negroes shall be kept upon the plantation and work together to help raise my children til my youngest son WILLIAM NEWBY arrive to the age of fifteen years except the negro man that I give to my son HENRY NEWBY and my will is that he shall stay & work with the rest to raise my children the terme of five years after my decease I likewise constitute make and ordain my Dearly beloved WIFE MARY NEWBY and my SON HENRY NEWBY my whole and sole EX.rx and Ex.r of theis my last will & testament and I do herby utterly disallow revoke & disannill all & every other former testaments wills & Legacies Bequests and Ex.rd by me in any way as before this time named willed and bequeathed ratifying & confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and first year written----
Robert Mitchel Jun.r HENRY NEWBY
John Alexander Mark
At a Court held for Lancaster County on the 12th day of March 1741 This will was proved in open Court by the Oaths of Robert Mitchell Jun.r and John Alexander witness ea thereto and admitted to record and is Recorded.
(Copied by William Newby, 2 Dec 1989)
Title: Will: 14 Oct 1741, Lancaster Co., VA
Author: Copied by Wm. E. Newby, 2 Dec 1989
Publication Information: Will Book 13: 265-266
Text: On the Tax Rolls of Lancaster Co., VA from 12 Dec 1711 to 12 Jan 1728
(Lancaster Co., VA, Individual Tithables 1653-1720, Order Book 5:278 and 7:224)
Slave owner, growing tobacco on a plantation but there is no indication that he owned any land.
Notes for Mary Whaley:
Text: Will of Mary Whaley Newby, copied by Wm. E. Newby, 2 Dec 1989.
Verbatim copy from Lancaster Co., VA, Will Book 16: 181-181a.
In the name of god Amen I Mary Newby being sick & weak but of Perfect sence and memory thanks be to Almighty God for the same do make and ordain in this my last will & testament hereby Revoking and disannulling all former wills by me or made Imprimus I bequeath my soul to Almighty God that gave it to me in hopes of a pardon for all my sins, through Jesus Christ my Mediator and Redeemor and my body to the Earth, to be Decently buried in a Christian like manner, by my Executors hereafter mentioned and as to what worldly goods it hath been pleased God to bestow on me, I give & bequeath in the following manner Viz---I give and bequeath to my son James Newby, my land and appurtenances thereunto belonging whereon I now live, to him and his heirs forever. Item I give and bequeath to my son Whaley Newby my negro man named Guy, and his heirs forever, provided my son Whaley should have any heir, but if the said Whaley, should die without heir, than the said negro Guy shall go to my Daughter Hannah Bailey and her heirs forever. I give and bequeath to my son William Newby my mare colt named mouse, my gun, and my best bed and furniture, to him and his heirs forever. Item It is my will Sarah Brumley and Hannah Bailey should have a Black Bumbozene Gown Each of them a Hood Ribonds and gloves out of the Crop now on the ground. Item I give and bequeath to my Daughter Hannah Bailey one Cow all my wearing apparell and my side Saddle, to her and her heirs forever. and further my Will is, that after my Debts and funeral Expenses and Legacies are paid the rest of my Estate be Equally Divided among my children Viz James Newby, Ozwald Newby Sarah Brumley, Hannah Bailey, Whaley Newby and William Newby - I also appoint my son James Newby and Ozwald Newby Exors of this my last Will and Testament In Witness Whereof I have hereunder set my hand and seal this 10th day of April 1761 -
Signed Seald and Publishd her
In Presence of - Mary Newby
John Bailey Mark
At a Court held for Lancaster County on the 15th of January 1762 This Will was proved in open Court by the oath of James Robinson a witness thereto and ordered to be Recorded
That there was a Case and nine Bottles about three pints, each which I kept out of my husbands inventory - and for this reason, that my husband's brother gave the use of it to him during life, and after his death, to go to his son William Newby therefore thought that it was none of his Estate nor mine but my son William's Therefore acted accordingly, given under my hand this 10th day of April 1761
Test John Bailey Mary Newby
At a Court held for Lancaster County on the 15th of January 1762 This Memorandum was proved in open Court by the oath of James Robinson a Witness thereto and ordered to be Recorded
William E. Newby
37 Taxon Drive
Wilmington, DE. 19803
Empress of Germany Matilda (Maud)
Empress Matilda (1101-1169)Born: February 1101 at Sutton Courtenay, BerkshireEmpress of GermanyLady of the EnglishDied: 10th September 1169 at Rouen, France
Matilda is the Latin form of Maud, and the name of the only surviving legitimate child of King Henry I. She was born in 1101, generally it is said at Winchester, but recent research indicates that she was actually born at the Royal Palace in Sutton Courtenay (Berkshire).
In something of a political coup for her father, Matilda was betrothed to the German Emperor, Henry V, when she was only eight. They were married on 7th January 1114. She was twelve and he was thirty-two. Unfortunately there were no children and on the Emperor's death in 1125, Matilda was recalled to her father's court.
Matilda's only legitimate brother had been killed in the disastrous Wreck of the White Ship in late 1120 and she was now her father's only hope for the continuation of his dynasty. The barons swore allegiance to the young Princess and promised to make her queen after her father's death. She herself needed heirs though and in April 1127, Matilda found herself obliged to marry Prince Geoffrey of Anjou and Maine (the future Geoffrey V, Count of those Regions). He was thirteen, she twenty-three. It is thought that the two never got on. However, despite this unhappy situation they had had three sons in four years.
Being absent in Anjou at the time of her father's death on 1st December 1135, possibly due to pregnancy, Matilda was not in much of a position to take up the throne which had been promised her and she quickly lost out to her fast-moving cousin, Stephen. With her husband, she attempted to take Normandy. With encouragement from supporters in England though, it was not long before Matilda invaded her rightful English domain and so began a long-standing Civil War from the powerbase of her half-brother, Robert of Gloucester, in the West Country.
After three years of armed struggle, she at last gained the upper hand at the Battle of Lincoln, in February 1141, where King Stephen was captured. However, despite being declared Queen or "Lady of the English" at Winchester and winning over Stephen's brother, Henry of Blois, the powerful Bishop of Winchester, Matilda alienated the citizens of London with her arrogant manner. She failed to secure her coronation and the Londoners joined a renewed push from Stephen's Queen and laid siege to the Empress in Winchester. She managed to escape to the West, but while commanding her rearguard, her brother was captured by the enemy.
Matilda was obliged to swap Stephen for Robert on 1st November 1141. Thus the King soon reimposed his Royal authority. In 1148, after the death of her half-brother, Matilda finally returned to Normandy, leaving her son, who, in 1154, would become Henry II , to fight on in England. She died at Rouen on 10th September 1169 and was buried in Fontevrault Abbey, though some of her entrails may possibly have been later interred in her father's foundation at Reading Abbey .
Duchess of Aquitane Eleanor
Eleanor of Aquitane, queen consort of France (1137-52) and queen consort of England (1154-1204), born in France. She inherited the duchy of Aquitane from her father in 1137, the same year in which she was married to Louis VII of France. She accompanied her husband on the Second Crusade to the Holy Land, where it was rumored she committed adultery. The scandal, and the fact that she had not given the king a male heir, resulted in an annulment of their marriage in 1152 under the pretext of blood kinship between her and the king. Later that year, Eleanor maried and gave her possessions to Henry Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, who in 1154 became Henry II, king of England. In 1170, the queen induced her husband to invest their son Richard the Lion Hearted with her personal dominions of Gascdony, Aquitane, and Poitou. When Richard and his brothers rebelled against their father in 1173, Eleanor, already alienated from the king because of his unfaithfulness, supported her sons. Consequently, she was placed in confinement until 1185. After her release, she secured the succession of her son Richard, who had become heir apparent at the death in 1183 of his eldest brother. From the death of King Henry II in 1189 until Richard's return from the Third Crusade in 1194, Eleanor ruled as regent. During this time, she foiled to attempt of her son John in 1193 to conspire with France against the new king. After the return of Richard, she arranged a reconciliation between the two brothers. Eleanor continued to be prominent in public affairs until she retired to the abbey in Fontevrault, France, where she died on April 1, 1204.
Kathryn Hepburn won an Academy Award for her portrayal of Queen Eleanor in the movie "Lion in the Winter", with Peter O'Toole playing King Henry II of England.
Reverend James Keith
James Keith, born in 1697, was the son of a professor at Marischal College in Aberdeen.(29) Most of the Keiths, however, were soldiers: a military family whose lineal descendants bore the title Earl Marischal and who traced their roots to ancient Scottish and Saxon kings. Their soldierly exploits won wide renown and were celebrated in song and legend. Robert Keith, the first Earl Marischal, led the decisive cavalry charge at the battle of Bannockburn in 1314, culminating Scotland's struggle for independence.(30) George Keith (1553-1623), the fifth Earl Marischal, founded Marischal College. His grandson, the seventh Earl Marischal, supported the restoration of Charles II and was keeper of the privy seal of Scotland. Another grandson, John, first Earl of Kintore, held the family castle Dunnottar against Cromwell during the civil wars and preserved the regalia of Scotland, keeping it from falling into the hands of the Puritans.(31)
After the Glorious Revolution of 1688, which brought William and Mary to the throne, the Keiths continued to side with the Scottish James II (the Pretender) and helped to raise the armies that fought on his behalf. The Earl Marischal commanded the Jacobite forces that landed in Scotland in 1719, where they made a desperate but doomed effort to rally the highland clans to the Pretender's cause.(32) When the rebellion failed, the Keiths fled. James Keith, Marshall's grandfather and a first cousin of the Earl Marischal, came to Virginia.(33) His companion, James Francis Edward Keith, the Earl Marischal's younger brother, continued as a soldier, first in the Spanish, then the Russian, and finally in the Prussian army.(34)
Mary Isham Randolph
In the early 1730s Mary Isham Randolph, the eldest daughter of Thomas and Judith of' Tuckahoe, then a young girl of sixteen or seventeen, fell in love and eloped with a slave overseer from her uncle Isham's Dungeness plantation--an Irishman by the name of Enoch Arden.(17) The two were married secretly and had a child. Eventually they were discovered to be living on remote Elk Island in the James River. According to family chroniclers, the enraged Randolphs descended on the island, killed Arden and the baby, and took Mary back to Tuckahoe. The tragic loss of her husband and child shattered Mary's sanity(18)
Under careful family supervision, Mary recovered gradually, only to fall in love with yet another man deemed objectionable by the Randolphs. This time the object of Mary's affection was the Reverend James Keith. Keith was the minister of Henrico parish, one of the largest and most important parishes in Virginia.(19) It included not only Tuckahoe and other Randolph plantations on the James but the rapidly growing town of Richmond as well. A refugee from the abortive 1719 Jacobite uprising in Scotland, the Reverend Keith was particularly effective in the pulpit. He was a bachelor, but he was seventeen years older than Mary and, like much of the Anglican clergy in colonial Virginia, enjoyed a reputation for licentiousness.(20) Mary and James had an affair and appear to have been discovered in flagrante delicto. The Randolphs, who held two seats on the vestry of Henrico parish, forced Keith's resignation and did their utmost to prevent the pair from seeing each other. Keith resigned as minister of the parish on October 12, 1733,(21) and departed for Maryland immediately thereafter.(22)
The episode was handled gingerly by church authorities.(23) Commissary James Blair, the Church of England's representative in Virginia, and a former minister of Henrico parish, wrote to the Bishop of London that "Mr. Keith has privately left this parish and Country, being guilty of fornication with a young Gentlewoman, whose friends did so dislike his character that they would not let her marry him."(24) Blair, however, soon had second thoughts about the precipitate action against Keith. On March 24, 1734, he wrote a follow-up letter to the bishop stating that "I gave your Lordship an account of the misfortune which occasioned [Rev. Keith's resignation] tho' I did not then know what I have learned since that from some of the circumstances in his case, our Governor recommended him to the Governor of Maryland."(25) The circumstances are not mentioned by Blair, but presumably pertained to the tact that James Keith and Mary Randolph were deeply in love. The following year Blair rescinded Keith's exile to Maryland and appointed him minister of the frontier parish of Hamilton in what subsequently became Fauquier county.(*) When Mary came of age, she and James Keith were married, and between them they had eight children, including Marshall's mother.
The Keiths flourished in Fauquier county,(26) but Mary's troubles were not over. Years later she received a letter purporting to come from the Irishman Enoch Arden, triggering a final bout of insanity from which she never recovered. Despite the passage of time, Mary cherished the memory of Arden, and the possibility that he might still be alive filled her with despair--a despair compounded by fears that as a consequence her marriage to the Reverend Keith might be invalid.(27) Were that to be the case, their children would be illegitimate. The question was never resolved conclusively, and for whatever reason Chief Justice Marshall rarely mentioned his tie to the Randolphs.(28)
Mary Randolph Keith
Chief Justice John Marshall's maternal ancestors came from the remnants of English gentry and Scottish nobility who settled Virginia's great plantations. "My mother was named Mary Keith," wrote Marshall. "She was the daughter of a clergyman, of the name of Keith, who migrated from Scotland and intermarried with a Miss Randolph of James River."(12) Marshall's summary was as delicate as it was precise. His maternal grandmother, the Miss Randolph of James River," was Mary Isham Randolph, the granddaughter of William Randolph of Turkey Island and Mary Isham of Bermuda Hundred--colonial grandees sometimes referred to as the "Adam and Eve of Virginia." Their descendants include not only Marshall, but Thomas Jefferson, Robert E. Lee, and numerous generations of Randolphs.(13)
A Charles Presley is shown in the 1830 Monroe Co. TN census.
Several Presleys in the 1850 Monroe Co. TN census.
Lt. General Juan Paez Hurtado
John B. Colligan's The Juan Páez Hurtado Expedition of 1695 contains in Chapters 3 and 4 the names of persons on the muster roll of reenforcements sent to New Mexico in 1695 to support and colonize the province following its reconquest by DieIgnacio Roybal, a soldier, traveled with Don Diego de Vargas to reconquer the city of Santa Fe, New Mexico from the Indians after the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. Fray Angélico Chávez, a New Mexico historian, is also a descendent of the New Mexico Roybal lineage and was one of the first to trace it. Many Roybals trace their ancestry to the New Mexico cities of Santa Fe, Pojoaque, El Rancho,_New_Mexico, Jacona,_New_Mexico, to the San Ildefonso Pueblo, where it is shared by Native Americans Native_Americans_in_the_United_States, and to the historical area of Cuyumungue. The name also has history in California, Colorado, Pecos, New Mexico, and Las Vegas, New Mexico.
Richard R. Pryor
Notes for Richard R. Pryor:
1754 served in Virginia militia was given 7 shillings for provisions.
1758 provided victualling as member of Virginia militia
1776 in a list of 52 Virginia militiamen
Captain Andrew Newcomb
Capt. Andrew Newcomb history
ANDREW NEWCOMB AND HIS DESCENDANTS
I. CAPT. ANDREW (1) NEWCOMB, born probably in England about 1618; died in Boston, Mass., Nov. 1686 (footnote) The name of his first wife and date of his marriage is unknown. He may have married first in England or Virginia. He m. second, 1663, in Boston, Grace ( ) Ricks, b. about 1620-1625, the widow of William Ricks who was the son of Robert Ricks of Kenninghall, Co. of Norfolk, Eng. John Davys in 1641 agrees to build a house in Boston, 16 x 14 ft., for this William Ricks, for the sum of 21 pounds John Bearse 8 Newcomb of Elgin, III., the author and compiler of "Genealogical Memoir of the Newcomb Family, 1874." says: "Of the early history of Capt. Andrew (1) Newcomb comparatively little is known; but from the records information has been obtained by which some idea may be formed of the man who appears to have been the progenitor of the largest branch of the Newcomb family in America. That he was born in England is quite certain; that he emigrated from the west of England, perhaps Devonshire or Wales, nearly all traditions declare. Beside tradition, however, there are other reasons that make it probable that such was the case. The date of his arrival in this country is not definitely known, but it is quite probable that he was among the earliest settlers of New England. First mention of him is made in 1663, in Boston, Mass., when and where he married his second wife, Grace; he was at that time a mariner or sea captain, and it is quite probable that this had been his occupation from youth, although there is no record to show it."
Later research inclines to the opinion that Capt. Newcomb came to America as captain of a sailing vessel, making his first landing perhaps at Barbados and from thence to Virginia. Absence of records in Virginia makes it impossible to verify this opinion.
Records indicate that Capt. Newcomb had not obtained a residence in Boston until after his second marriage, but that soon thereafter he, with his wife, occupied the former residence of William Ricks. The latter had children, born in Boston 1645-1656 --Elisha, Mary, John, Thomas and Ezekiel. Suffolk Deeds, Vol. 8, p. 64-5, contain a copy of Agreement, dated Feb. 14, 1672, in which Andrew Newcomb and wife, Grace, are to enjoy during life the old dwelling-house, "now in the tenure and occupation of the said Newcomb," formerly of William Ricks, deceased; John and Thomas Ricks, sons of William, to have the new dwelling-house adjoining the same, etc., near the water-mill in Boston, half of land to each, they to pay Newcomb £20 . July 13, 1672, he employed Samuel Bridge, carpenter, to build him a "Leantow one foote wider than now it is and the length of his house and shingle it and the back side of his house and find shingles and shingle nayles for the work"; consideration £5: 15 shillings: 0d; work to be finished by the last of July, 1672. (From Suffolk Court files No. 1157.)
Probate Files, Boston, Andrew Newcombe, boatman, signs bond of guardianship of Mary Ricks, 22 May 1680; John Ricks, guardian of said Mary Ricks. Suffolk Deeds, Vol. 10, page 358, Andrew Newcomb, mariner, for £67: 16s :3d, bought of Simon Lynde, merchant, and Sarah, wife of Joseph Goodale, the administratrix of Thomas Ricks, the right to redeem an estate in Boston mortgaged to Lynne by Thomas Ricks in 1677, date 13 Apr. 1681. Again, Vol. 12, page 46, Andrew Newcomb of Boston, and wife, Grace, for £25, sold John Ricks all right in house near Mill Bridge that belonged to Thomas Ricks, then deceased, date 14 Apr. 1681.
The old dwelling-house, where Capt. Newcomb lived 1663 to 1681, was built in 1641 and was located upon the lot now nurnbered 182 Hanover street; the new dwelling-house, where John and Thomas Ricks lived, was upon the lot which is now No. 184; and the new house, built by Capt. Newcomb upon land which he bought 13 April 1681 and where he lived from 1681 till his death, 1686, was located where is now No. 166 Hanover street, Boston. Hanover street in a very early day was known as the "Way to the New Meeting House" 2d Church), afterwards Middle street. (See map.)
Page 281 of Charlestown, Mass., Records shows shipment of cattle, etc., 28 Feb. 1666-7 by John Page, of Boston, in Ketch (name blank), Andrew Newcome, Master, for Virginia for account of John Fly and Eliakim Hutchinson -- various horses described --avouched by Mr. Page, being bought of Capt. Hutchinson and Samuel Gough.
Capt. Andrew Newcomb was defendant in a suit for damages, held in the County Court at Boston, 25 April 1676, in which he was accused of "Willifully or carelesley runinge upp on a smallboat with my Shallop." The court decided against him and he appealed the case 31 Aug. 1676.
New York Col. MSS. at Albany, Vol. 29, page 13, date 28 Aug. 1679, show "Andrew Newcombe" to have been "Master of ye Sloope Edmund and Martha," then in the port of New York and bound for "Boston in New England" --probably from Virginia, a part of his lading being tobacco.
Suffolk Court files at Boston contain depositions of Philip Foxwell in which the statement is made that Andrew Newcomb was with his (Newcomb's) vessel in Saco River from Boston, Oct. 1684.
The signature of Andrew' Newcomb may be found upon several documents on file in Boston, and, while there is considerable difference in penmanship and also in spelling, his signature is readily distinguished from that of Andrew (2). There is a family resemblance in the forming of letters in the word Andrew but a difference in spelling of Newcomb; Andrew (l) usually spelled the name Newcombe, but at other times he has dropped the final e. In one document where he witnessed a deed, 20 Sept. 1686, Matt Mayhew to John Boult, both of Martha's Vineyard, the name is written Andrew Nucombe. This signature is evidently that of Andrew (l), as it corresponds closely to his signatures upon other known documents. He was appointed administrator of the estate of his daughter, Susannah Blague, 13 Oct. 1681, and upon this document he wrote his name Andrew Newcombe, while upon a bond with his daughter Susannah, in settling the estate of her first husband, Philip Blague, he wrote Andrew Newcomb. (Both bonds are on file.)
Capt. Newcomb's will is recorded upon Suffolk Probate, Vol. 11, page 48, an exact copy of which is hereafter given. His signature to it indicates an expert writer; it is written with a worn quill pen, apparently with no hesitating or faltering movement, and the ink has continued jet black though written more than 230 years ago.
IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN the thirty first day of January anno Domi One Thousand six hundred Eighty and Two 1682/3 Anno Regni Regis Caroli Secundi Tricessimo Quinto I ANDREW NEWCOMBE Of Boston in the County of Suffolk in the Massachusetts Colonie in New England marriner being in competent Bodily health and of Sound and perfect memory praised be Almighty god for ye same KNOWING the uncertainty of this Present life and being desirous to settle that outward Estate the Lord hath Lent me Doe make and Ordaine this my last will & Testament in manner and forme following (That is to say) First and principally I comend my Soule into the hands of Almighty God my Creator hopeing to Receive ffull pardon and Remission of all my Sins and Salvation through the Alone meritts of Jesus Christ my Redeemer And my Body to ye Earth to be buried in such Decent manner as to my Executor hereafter named shall be thought meet and convenient and as touching such worldly Estate the Lord hath Lent me my will and meaneing is the same shall be Imployed and bestowed as hereafter in and by this my will is Exprest
IMP I doe hereby revoake and Renounce and make void all wins by me formerly made and declare and appoint this to be my last will and Testament.
ITEM I Will that all the debts I Justly owe to any manner of person or persons whatsoever Shall be well and truely paid or Ordained to be paid in convenient Time after my decease by my Executor hereafter named
ITEM After all my Just debts are paid and funerall charges Satisfied I give and bequeath unto my Grand child Newcomb Blake all that wch is oweing to me from his ffathers Estate Either for his maintenance or otherwise and also whatever I shall disburst on him in my life Time for his maintainance and Education. Also I give unto ye said Newcombe Blake Thirty pounds in money.
ITEM I give unto my wife Grace Newcomb the use benefitt and Improvemt of my house and Land that is Scituate In Boston afforesd Betweene y" house and Land of Gaudey James and the house and Land of John Jackson neare ye Mill Bridge with the priviledges and appurtenances thereunto belonging Dureing the tearme of her naturall life.
ITEM I give and bequeath the afforesaid house and Land unto my Daughter Grace Buttler and to the heires of her Body Lawfully begotten or to be begotten and to their heires and assignes forever. And my will is that she shall have and Enjoy the same Immediately after my said wifes decease.
ITEM My Will is that in case she dye without Such Issue that then the sd House and Land shall be and remaine unto ye only proper use and behoofe of the sd Newcomb Blake & his heires & assignes for ever.
ITEM I give and bequeath unto Each of my wifes Grand children ffive shillings a peice in money.
ITEM I give & bequeath unto Samll' Marshall of Boston afforesaid Cooper in consideration of his care and Trouble in and about the managemt of my estate Three pounds in money
ITEM I give and bequeath the ffull Remainder of my Reall and personall Estate whatsoever it is or wheresoever it may be found whether in possession or in Reversion unto my sd Daughter Grace Butler & to ye heirs of her Body lawfully begotten but If shee dye without Issue my will is that the said Remainder of my Estate shall be and Remaine unto ye only proper use and behoofe of the said Newcomb Blake and his heirs & assignes for ever.
ITEM I do hereby nominate constitute & appoint my sd Grand Child Newcomb Blake the Executor of this my last will and Testamt:
ITEM In Regard the sd Newcomb Blake is in his nonage I doe hereby appoint and authorize ye said Samuell Marshall my Execr in Trust of this my sd Last will and Testam" untill the sd Newcombe attaine ye age of Twenty one yeares.
IN TESTIMONY whereof I the said ANDREW NEWCOMBE have hereunto sett my hand and seale ye day and yeare first within written.
SSigned Sealed & what is contained in these two pages was published by the abovesaid Andrew Newcombe as his Last Will & Testamt in the presence of us-
John Hayward Scr
Eliezer Moodey Scrv
8 Decembr 1686 This will being exhibited by the Executor the two wittnesses Mr Jno Hayward & mr Eliezer Moodey made oath that they were present & saw Andrew Newcombe Signe Seal & Publish this Instrumt as his last will & Testamt & that when he so Did he was of sound mind & memory to their best understanding.
Jurat Eoram preside Attestr
Tho. Dudley Cler
Enterd 9 Dec 1686
From the omission of either bequest or mention in his will of a son, Andrew (2) Newcomb, a doubt has been expressed of his relationship, but the fact that "Capt. Newcomb, at the time of the making of his will held peculiar relations to his grandchild Newcomb Blague, who demanded from his youth and condition as an orphan (then twelve years old, and the only living child of his parents) his most conscientious consideration, and that his child Grace (2) Newcomb, by his second wife, had in her mother a watchful guardian or friend in presenting her claims to the consideration of Capt. Newcomb; all of which easily and plainly may account for the diversion of his property from his son Lieut. Newcomb. It needs but to be added that in colonial times, where bequests were not made to children of the testator, their names were frequently omitted. This much is known, that both Capt. Andrew (l) Newcomb and Lieut. Andrew (2) Newcomb were living in America at or near Boston at the same time, and in command of sailing craft; and that at the time Capt. Newcomb made his will Lieut. Newcomb was living at Martha's Vineyard in circumstances of worldly prosperity, and in no need of pecuniary aid. Other facts are given in the following pages, all of which go to show that Lieut. Andrew Newcomb was a son of Capt. Andrew Newcomb, by his first wife, and an own brother to Susannah (2)." No inventory or settlement of his estate appears upon record or on file in Boston.
That Capt. Newcomb was a man of education is shown from the specimens of his writing-, still extant, that exhibit facility with the pen in times when it was a common occurrence for men of property and respectability to sign their wills and deeds with a cross. And, since it appears that he was a shipmaster for so many years on the Atlantic coast, it is clear he must have been possessed of nautical skill. Nor would he have become a mariner if he had not been a person of courage, for in those days, even more than at present, it was necessary for one to be brave to "go down to the sea in ships." That he was a man of vigor and enterprise, like all the New England pioneers, needs no proof, and that he was characterized by something of the same uprightness that the author trusts still belongs to those who bear the name of Newcomb seems absolutely certain. Finally, that he was a peaceable citizen, a good husband and father, occupied with the common interests of mankind, as his descendants of to-day, is no mere conjecture, but a reasonable certainty.
Inquest, dated Sept. 26, 1682, upon the body of a man found dead at Plum Island, and return made by Caleb Moody, * Jams Ordway, sr.,* Edward Ritsten, sr., John March,* Thomas Rogers,* Benjamin Coker,* Israel Webster, * Laurence Hart," The Lowle,* John Mighall,* Henry Lunt,* and Hugh March, jr.,* that "he was floating in the surfe of the sea; he was hauled up to high water mark out of the tydes way; by Joseph Knight & James Noice : one the 25th of this Instant: wee went with the Constable and there wee mett with the two men that hauled him out of ye sea as they telled us and there wee saw the man: which several of us also Indycut potter being there with us doe Conclude it was Andrew Newcomb of Boston how he came by his death: wee cannot determine whether hee was washed out of a vesell and drowned wee cannot saye wee fynding several thousand of staues Cast up on the beech with other things Cast up; we found the man Lying on his back with his Shirt and his Jacket ouer his head his Shirt Cooler teed fast about his neck his armies and his body bare to his waist his breeches & drawers & stockings & shoues tyed fast on the further searching of his body we found a place on the Left side of his head swelled up as if hee had some great blow noe other wound or bruise in his body," etc. Sworn Sept. 29, 1682, before Robt. Pike,* assistant.
* Autograph. (Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County Massachusetts. Salem Quarterly Court, Records and Files.)
ESSEX INSTITUTE, Vol. VIII, 1680-1683. Page 442·
No doubt mistaken identity.
Go back to Capt. Andrew Newcomb
Source: Newcomb, Bethuel M. Newcomb "Descendants of Andrew Newcomb," Revised edition. Privately printed for the author, 1923. pp. 9-12
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